MACI - Massachusetts Association for the Chemically Injured, Inc
Welcome to the worldwide web! --barb.
Mad Cow Disease (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy)
Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD)
Mad Scientist Network
Ask a Doctor of Chiropractic
Maine Injured Workers Association
"Chemically Injured Workers Ignored, Disenfranchised and Thrown Away..."
EHN's section on Breast Cancer, under Cancer
EHN's section on Thermography
EHN's section on X-Rays
My expressed feelings do not reflect the opinion of EHN board or members, these are my own beliefs. -- barb
To each her own on this one, but I have never had a mammogram and I certainly don't plan
on having any in the foreseeable future. I would consider thermography, if necessary . . .
I cannot help but wonder if I too would be a breast cancer statistic if I had mammograms
when I was in my 30s and they were first recommended to me as part of Kaiser's Multiphasics.
I refused to enter that area for those tests and then I always stood my ground with my doctor.
Doctors could recommend, I didn't have to follow the advice. Also, I nursed my babies, refused
the pill, and in later years I refused any and all recommended hormone therapies -- recommended
mind you, despite the fact that I had no symptoms that needed abating. I always took magnesium
and figure that got me through life's changes without any symptoms. Maybe magnesium and luck.
But I sure didn't need to take HRT just because my then-doctor was trying to push it.
One would think that folks like me would be included in all of the "SOUND SCIENCE" studies
regarding woman's health, especially regarding breast cancer. But the truth is, that while in the
past I've been courted time and again for studies, I've been refused out of hand because I refuse
to undergo mammography. They state they need a mammogram for a baseline, and I claim
that that would subject me to radiation doses that I'm not willing to have. And in my mind
that skews the data, for how can one test the effects of radiation vs. no radiation, if one forces
radiation on the participants of the study? Alas, I'm not a scientist. My opinion doesn't
count in the larger scheme of things -- but it counts to me.
Of course, there may be valid reasons to have a mammogram. I simply suggest YOU explore ALL
options before simply having a mammogram because everyone else does it. OR because your
doctor is supposed to tell you to have one, and you automatically follow his or her advice.
Why not discuss the options of ultra sound or thermography with your doctor?
Remember: Cancer is big business. Really B I G buisness! -- barb
I wrote this section (above and below) long ago, probably in the late 1990s when first
working on this site to donate to EHN. Now it is 2009 and I just came across again, a piece
by Dr. Samuel Epstein and I wish to share it with you. Ironically it was written just before
I started working on this website, but I didn't get it listed until now, June 25, 2009.
Premenopausal mammography increases your risk of breast cancer. Increases in
breast cancer mortality have been consistently reported following repeated mammograms in younger
women in six randomized controlled clinical trials over the last decade. Based on this evidence,
NCI has recently withdrawn recommendations for pre-menopausal mammography. ACS, with
financial support from Dupont and General Electric (both heavily invested in mammography
equipment), and self-interested radiologists are still promoting this dangerous practice.
Alert - Mammograms Cause Cancer - 1-30-4
From Rcik Ensminger
To: The Webfairy
"Dr. John Gofman, Professor Emeritus of Molecular and Cell Biology at the University
of California at Berkeley, was wondering the same thing in the early 1990s. His research
led him to write a 400-page book in which he estimates that "three-quarters of the
current annual incidence of breast cancer in the United States is being caused by earlier
ionizing radiation, primarily from medical sources." Astonishingly, this isn't even
news. "[M]edical science," Gofman continues, "has known for 20 years that ionizing
radiation is a prominent and proven cause of breast-cancer" (John Gofman, Preventing
Breast Cancer, San Francisco: Committee for Nuclear Responsibility, 1995, p. 303).
August 1, 2002 -- I just found this information, which I believe you should read:
- Cancer Prevention
by Ron Kennedy, M.D., Santa Rosa, California
Scroll and read, and eventually you'll come to Mammorgraphy, from which the
following is excerpted. -- barb
"There also are iatrogenic (doctor caused) breast cancers. In 1971, the National
Academy of Science published a report revealing that for every rad of x-ray exposure,
the risk of breast cancer increased by one percent. Nine months later the ACS and NCI
promoted a mammography project in which 300,000 women were enrolled and were
told that the dose of radiation would be perfectly safe, and that the procedure might
pick up breast cancer and save their lives. The minimum dose women received in this
procedure was two rads per mammogram. Some centers administered five rads and
some ten rads. Think of that ã an increase in cancer risk of two percent, five percent,
or ten percent by a single test for cancer ã without being informed of the risks! ..."
- James Coleman, PhD, Cancer Research America, Inc.
"Cancer Research Center of America, Inc. has determined what are the major causes
and sources of breast cancer and fatal breast cancer. This new information has aided
us in developing detailed, comprehensive and superior questionnaires for use in
determining what a woman can and must do to prevent a first occurrence or
recurrence of these diseases. "
- Prevention is the Real Deal
By Dr. James Coleman
"...Many credible studies, including those by the National Cancer Institute, have well
documented that a strong correlation exists between an increase in the incidence of
breast cancers and the use of mammograms. Unquestionably, the radiation used in
mammograms is a known human carcinogens. The mainstream medical community
tries to minimize the danger of mammograms with the overused trite phrase of "risk vs.
benefit." The plain truth is that the risk is well documented while there is absolutely
no medical proof of any benefit. ..."
I have never had a mammogram. I began refusing them in my 30s, when they were a routine
part of Kaiser's Multiphasic. It took backbone to say "No" to doctors who tried to convince me
that I was oh so very wrong. I hope to live long enough to be vindicated on this stand, just
as I've been vindicated on my stand against HRT. For more information see EHN's section on
Mammography. By the way, my expressed feelings do not reflect the opinion of EHN board or
members, these are my own beliefs that I express. -- barb
Environmental concerns, right to know ...
Marijuana Merits Medical Use
Contra Costa Times Editorial
Marin Breast Cancer Watch
Note: Link will open new page -- close to return to EHN. -- barb
Marin Community Foundation
- Marin Environmental Alliance
"Member organizations manage action and education programs in many areas,
including land stewardship and resource management, habitat and species
preservation, agriculture and agricultural education, toxics, pollution and waste
reduction, environmental research, and recreational opportunities."
- Marin's EECoM -- Environmental Education Council of Marin
"Our mission is to build an ever-increasing coalition of youth and adults committed
to preserving the diverse environments in Marin County through education,
stewardship, and sharing of resources."
Marin - The Environmental Forum of Marin
Marin - First Annual Independence Forum
"There's No Place Like Home"
- Marin IPM Program
Marin County, California
- Marin, The Social Justice Center of
- The Marine Mammal Center
Maryland United for Peace and Justice, Inc. (MUPJ)
Also see Respirators at http://users.lmi.net/~wilworks/ehnlinx/r.htm#Respirators
- Ceramic Oxygen Masks & Tygon Tubing
Folks, I get many requests for info on ceramic masks and Tygon tubing. I've only just found a
source. I recommend that you contact American Environmental Health Foundation.
AEHF has a catalog of "environmentally safe products." -- barb
- I Can Breathe! Air Filter Face Masks
Designed by Adrien Bledstein, used by men, women and children. -- barb
- Charcoal Masks by Sandra DenBraber, R. N.
- Master Home Environmentalist - Seattle
"HOW HEALTHY IS YOUR HOME?
"The Master Home Environmentalist Program at the American Lung Association of
Washington can help you find out -- you can ask for a trained Master Home
Environmentalist to come to your home to do a free home assessment, or you can
become a Master Home Environmentalist (MHE) yourself by participating in our
40 hour training and doing 40 hours of community service. "
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
First things first: Learn about MSDS.
Guide to Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) by Kenneth Friedman
How to interpret MSDS information sheets
Obtaining and Reading MSDS
Department of Chemistry, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469
An MSDS site that has the sheets for many commonly used consumer products
OHIO State, College of Biological Sciences, Safety Page
With thanks to Stan Halpern, the Cleaning Pro, for this link info.
MSDS -- The ANSI Standardized MSDS Format
If an MSDS states something like "scent described on label," don't be fooled. You'll never learn
the chemicals used to concoct the scent and you should know that those chemical concoctions
are released to market without adequate testing for inhalation, neurotoxicity, nor for
carcinogenic, teratogenic or systemic effects.
For more information on synthetic scents, see the
FDA Petition at http://www.ehnca.org/FDApetition/bkgrinfo.htm -- barb
Guide to Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
by Kenneth Friedman
Guide to Reading a Material Safety Data Sheet
University of Arizona
Hazardous Chemicals / Drugs
University of Louisville
How to Read a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation
Material Safety Data Sheets -- Training to read sheets
Materials Safety Data Sheets (Reading Between the Lines)
UE News H&S, February 1996
Interactive Learning Paradigms Incorporated
Free access to MSDS, just register. Then enter the site at least once ever six months. --barb
- American National Standards Institute
- The Army Link
SAFETY AND HAZMAT LINKS
- Automatic Rain Company
- BUBBLE GUM-9412
MSDS from TGSC
- Chemical Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) from Fisher
Check by name or CAS#
Brought to you by Vermont Safety Information Resources, Inc.
- Cornell University
- Development of Material Safety Data Sheets
Presented at the 191st ACS National Meeting; April 13 - 18; New York, NY
Samuel Aaron Kaplan; Division of Chemical Health and Safety
Folks, remember that the fragrance industry wants you to believe that fragrances contain
"primarily water and alcohol -- of the same type and purity we drink in beverages -- as well as
essential fragrance oils." (SPEIAC ad http://www.scentedproducts.on.ca/hdnad.jpg
Look at these symptoms: "Exposure to ethanol vapors may result in irritation of the
eyes and nose, drowsiness and headache. Other symptoms may include stupor, nausea,
mental excitement or depression, vomiting, flushing and coma. It can cause
irritation of the respiratory tract, intra ocular tension, ataxia, sleepiness, narcosis,
impaired perception and incoordination. It can also cause lowered inhibitions,
dizziness, shallow respiration, unconsciousness and death."
Whether or not people use synthetically scented products, including pesticides, which in turn
includes disinfectants, they breathe in the volatilizing vapors from other users. Secondary
exposures are real and can be severe. Also, vapors can cling to the hair and clothing of others
who are non-users and then continue to vaporize adversely affecting the already chemically
injured at the tertiary level of exposure. Synthetic scents can adversely affect lives of untold
others. -- barb
- Glade MSDS (plus other products) from Drackett Professional
From their home page, click on MSDS in left hand column, then click on product. MSDS
is in PDF format. Use with Adobe Acrobat Reader, available from the site. -- barb
- The Good Scent Company
"MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
"The information contained on the Material Data Sheet has been compiled from data
considered accurate. ; This data is believed to be reliable, however, it must be pointed
out that values for certain properties are known ; to vary from source to source. The
Good Scents Company USA Expressly disclaims any warranty expressed or implied ;
as well as any liability for any injury or loss arising from the use of this information or
the materials described. ; This data is not to be construed as absolutely complete since
additional data may be desirable when particular ; conditions or circumstances exist.
It is the responsibility of the user to determine the best precautions ; necessary for the
safe handling and use of this product for your application. This data relates only to the ;
specific material designated and not to be used in combination with any other
material. Many federal and state ; regulations pertain directly or indirectly to the
product's end use and disposal of containers and unused material. ; It is the purchaser's
responsiblity to familiarize themselves with all applicable regulations.
"For Manufacturing, Processing, or Repacking Only ... "
- Hazardous Chemical Database at the University of Akron
- Hazardous Materials and Special Provisions, Table (MSDS on request)
- Hazweb -- you must register
- Health and Environment Resource Center
MSDS - Make the Connection: Health & Environment
- Interactive Learning Paradigms, Incorporated
- Interpreting an MSDS
- Lysol Disinfectant - MSDS
Ingredient: CARBON DIOXIDE (PROPELLANT)
Ingredient: ETHYL ALCOHOL; (ETHANOL)
Ingredient: 2-BIPHENYLOL; (ORTHO-PHENYLPHENOL) (SARA III)
Under Health Hazard Data, check this out ... they have not tested for adverse effects
on skin whether gotten on skin or when breahted into the body, nor by inhalation!!!!!!!!!! -- barb
Route Of Entry - Inhalation: NO
Route Of Entry - Skin: NO
Route Of Entry - Ingestion: NO
Health Haz Acute And Chronic: INHAL: NONE EXPECTED.
SUSCEPTIBLE INDIVIDUALS MAY EXPERIENCE DIZZINESS, DROWSINESS, NAUSEA
& VOMITING IF EXPOSED TO EXTREMELY HIGH CONCENTRATIONS OF THE
VAPORS. SKIN: NONE EXPECTED. EYES: MAY CAUSE TEMPORARY EYE IRRITATION.
INGEST: INGESTION IS VERY UNLIKELY THROUGH THE NORMAL ANTICIPATED
USE OF THIS (EFTS OF OVEREXP)
- Mallinckrodt Baker, Inc. (JT Baker)
When you go into their main page, you'll be asked to select your country. -- barb
A vendor. -- barb
- National Safety Council (NSC)
A comprehensive list of MSDS sources
- NTP (National Toxicology Program) - List of NTP Health and Safety Reports
- Northwest Fisheries Science Center
- Ortho Business Group and Roundup Lawn & Garden products - MSDS
- OSHA - The MSDS FAQ
- Oxford University: The Physical and Theoretical Chemistry Laboratory
OZIUM - TimeMist Fresh Thinking
Ozium 1500 Aerosol Air Sanitizer - EPA Registered
Pesticides are also "EPA Registered" . . . It has come to my attention that Ozium has caused a
Ozium 500 Aerosol Air Sanitizer - EPA Registered
Ozium 7000 Aerosol Air Sanitizer - EPA Registered
severe asthma attack. I don't have a clue how many other people have suffered such an attack
in the presence of someone using Ozium . . . I'm only alerting you to a possible health danger.
The following link will bring up MSDS in PDF format. They state that if you want toxicological
info you have to contact the manufacturer. -- barb
- P&G MSDS sheets
Remember, MSDS are industry-generated. -- barb
- Pine Sol by Clorox - MSDS
Now, folks, the vapors off pine sol are inhaled, yet on the MSDS under Health Hazard Data,
one quickly learns that they've not tested for Health Hazards upon inhalation nor upon
absorption through the skin. Nor for effects upon skin when the person has inhaled the chemicals.
And while thinking of absorption, one must remember that chemicals are also absorbed
through the eyes. However, under Emergency/First Aid Procedures, they do state
REMOVE TO FRESH AIR. OBTAIN MEDICAL ATTENTION IN ALL CASES. -- barb
Route Of Entry - Inhalation: NO
"...Health Haz Acute And Chronic: EYE IRRITANT. POSSIBLE ASPIRATION HAZARD IF
SWALLOWED. REPEATED/PROLONGED SKIN CONTACT MAY CAUSE IRRITATION.
"Signs/Symptoms Of Overexp: IRRITATION
Route Of Entry - Skin: NO
Route Of Entry - Ingestion: YES
Emergency/First Aid Proc: EYES: FLUSH IMMEDIATELY W/WATER FOR 15 MINUTES.
INGESTION: DON'T INDUCE VOMITING. DRINK A GLASSFUL OF WATER. SKIN:
WASH W/WATER. INHALATION: REMOVE TO FRESH AIR. OBTAIN MEDICAL
ATTENTION IN ALL CASES.
Now, another thing about looking at the MSDS on this particular product.
- Rhodia Food [Flavors]
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) [library] provide valuable information regarding the
proper measures to be taken in the event of a emergency involving Rhodia products.
- Sanitary Supply
(Has links to MSDS from product site.)
- SC Johnson Wax
- Home Products - MSDS
- Professional Products - MSDS
(If you need to find the name of one of their products go to the following URL, "Search by
SIRI MSDS Index
Product Category," hit "Search." It doesn't matter if you make a selection, as all products are
listed for you. -- barb)
Through this site, I found info on Sterno. -- barb
- University of Utah MSDS
- Vermont SIRI MSDS
- Where to find MSDS on the Internet
-- end MSDS info --
- Are there any tutorials that explain how to read an MSDS?
- Understanding the Material Safety Data Sheet
Fred Fishel, Department of Agronomy; Paul Andre, Missouri Department of Agriculture
As good as this sheet is, it does not explain what it means when you see "NO" printed by
"Inhalation." And as I've been informed, that NO means that they have no data. So with MSDS
for chemicals in products made to be inhaled, it is a shocking number of times one reads "NO"
in response to the word, "INHALATION." Now ain't that somethin'? IF my understanding
is incorrect, please inform correctly and provide a link to substantive info. Thanks-- barb
Matter of Trust, Inc.
Organic mattresses tend to be expensive. If you have suggestions for those of us on tight
budgets, please write. Thanks, -- barb
- Ann McCampbell, MD
Canaries - NO ACCEPTABLE RISK - Campaign
"Our intention is to join together the millions of Americans currently in the acceptable
risk population and their supporters into one voice advocating for a safer non-toxic
world for all. Please join today as a member of our coalition."
MCS -- a physiological malady known worldwide,
affecting both sexes and all ages
(To accentuate the obvious, the word above is "physiological," not "psychological."
Multiple Chemical Sensitivity (MCS) is also known as Environmental Illness (EI),
Chemical Injury (CI), 20th Century Illness, TILT ...) -- barb
EHN's MCS page of links has grown so large, it has become a second document.
- MCS America
- MCS Referral & Resources
Also see EHN's MCS Links (above). -- Barb
A "one-stop shop" site is: AIR News Link
Also see Newspapers
Medical Info --
- Rocky Mountain Publicity: David Lawrence Dewey
- INDYMEDIA - Independent Media Center (IMC)
- Professional Secretary
- SF Bay Area
(Also see EHN's listings for: Doctors, Environmental, MCS)
- Medicare Info (National Heritage Insurance Company (NHIC))
"100% Doctor-Produced Healthcare Information Written Just For You."
- Medline Search
- Medicinal Plants
See Herbs at http://users.lmi.net/~wilworks/ehnlinx/h.htm#Herbs
- Merck Manual
- Dr. Mercola's Optimal Wellness Center
" 'Doctors Are the Third Leading Cause of Death In the US'
This Site Will Help You Discover How You Can Avoid Dying Early"
- Mesothelioma Cancer Center (ASBESTOS CAUSED CANCER)
Call: 1,800,272.3786 or remember: 1.800.ASBESTOS
- METHYL CARBAMATE
- Eva Millqvist, MD, PhD
Search EHP for more of Eva Millqvist
If you suffer sever coughs as a result of petrochemical-derived scents, read this! -- barb
- Changes in Levels of Nerve Growth Factor in Nasal Secretions after Capsaicin
Inhalation in Patients with Airway Symptoms from Scents and Chemicals
Eva Millqvist,1 Ewa Ternesten-HassÈus,1 Arne StÂhl,1 and Mats Bende2
1Asthma and Allergy Research Group, Department of Respiratory Medicine and Allergy,
Sahlgrenska University Hospital, G–teborg, Sweden; 2Allergy Centre, Central
Hospital, Sk–vde, Sweden
Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 113, Number 7, July 2005
Full report: http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/members/2005/7657/7657.html
Asthma, Allergy and Chemical Sensitivity
"Welcome to a research website within the fields of
Asthma and Asthma-like Symptoms
Allergy and Allergy-like Symptoms
Multiple Chemical Sensitivity
Strong Scents and Odors
by Eva Millqvist, MD, PhD
- In The Air - Be Aware!
" Effects of air temperature and strong scents in patients with
asthma and asthma-like symptoms"
by Eva Millqvist, MD, PhD
"... In patients with asthma-like symptoms and reporting sensitivity to strong scents,
placebo-controlled provocations with perfume caused symptoms in the airways. ..."
- In The Air - Be Aware !
"Airway problems caused by strong fragrances and irritating chemical substances
Sensory hyperreactivity - A new diagnosis"
by Eva Millqvist, MD, PhD
" ... During the last decade, increasing research activity at the Asthma and Allergy Center,
Sahlgrenska University Hospital in Gothenburg, Sweden has been devoted to patients
with asthma- and allergy-like airway symptoms triggered by fragrances and other
chemical substances. ..."
- MindFreedom - Support Coalition International
PubMed - Medical search engine
- Medical Waste
Also seeEHN's section on Incinerators
-- end Medical Info --
- William Meggs M.D., Ph.D.
E. Carolina Univ. School of Medicine, Greenville, NC
- Dr Meggs appears on Multiple Chemical Sensitivity, Vol III
an 82 minutes video by Alison Johnson
(Other comentary by Gerald Ross, M.D., Gunnar Heuser, M.D., Ph.D., and
Will Pape, Business Executive
- American Academy of Environmental Medicine (AAEM) Baltimore, Mar 1998
Dr. Meggs was one of several speakers. -- barb
- Hypothesis for Induction and Propagation of
Chemical Sensitivity Based on Biopsy Studies
William J. Meggs; Department of Emergency Medicine, East Carolina University School
of Medicine, Greenville, North Carolina
Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol 105, Sup 2, March 1997
- 'Lectric Law Library
MULTIPLE CHEMICAL SENSITIVITIES: FACTS, FICTION, DISABILITY AND THE LAW
(Dr. Meggs and Cindy Duehring)
- Neurogenic Inflammation and Sensitivity to Environmental Chemicals
William J. Meggs
Department of Emergency Medicine, East Carolina University School of Medicine,
Greenville, NC 27858 USA
- Mendocino Coast Jewish Community (MCJC)
- Memorial Pages
- Meningitis advisers funded by drug firms
Fresh controversy surrounding Britain's Meningitis C vaccination programme
Martin Bright and Tracy McVeigh
Sunday Observer, UK September 3, 2000
- Bazelon Center for Mental Health Law
Legal advocacy for the civil rights and human dignity of people with mental disability
- McLean Hospital: A Comprehensive Mental Health Care System
Dr. Mercola's Optimal Wellness Center
" 'Doctors Are the Third Leading Cause of Death In the US'
This Site Will Help You Discover How You Can Avoid Dying Early"
- Prominent Researcher Apologizes for Pushing Fluoride
- New Hope - New Hope for the Chronically Mentally Ill
" New Hope's holistic, physiological approach to the treatment of chronic mental illness
is the first of its kind. No other program promises the gift of a lifelong support system
and safety net for the least understood and most neglected of the handicapped. "
- Metabolic Typing
Dr. Harold J. Kristal
Methodist Church - Accommodation
Rheumatoid Arthritis and Fibromyalgia
"For the best results when treating chronic joint and muscle pain, don't separate
problems in the body from issues in the mind."
by Norman Levin, M.D.
- MICROWAVE NEWS
Maximum EMF Exposure Emerges As Strong Miscarriage Risk
MILK - Dump Milk and Dairy Page
"A new and innovative epidemiological study has found that women exposed to
magnetic fields of 16 mG or more while pregnant are up to six times more likely to
have a miscarriage. The study, by researchers at the oldest and largest health care
provider in the U.S., „should have wide implications,¾ concludes Dr. De-Kun Li, the
team¼s leader. Li¼s paper won¼t be published until November, but Microwave News
got an advance copy. ..."
- Microwave News EMF and EMR Internet Directory
"... Directory that lists more than 250 key sites on the Internet."
- U.K. Doll Panel Acknowledges Weak EMF‚Cancer Association
March - April 2001
- Electromagnetic Field and Radiation Meters
I suggest migraines -- and other headaches -- may well be due to management and colleagues'
continued use of synthetically scented products for personal care, as well as products used
for household and janitorial maintenance and cleaning projects. Synthetic scents contain
chemicals that are neurotoxins, carcinogens, teratogens, irritants and sensitizers. Keep a journal!
Remember, scented products include: restroom deodorizers, outgassing fabric softeners, carpet
cleaners, lotions, soaps, hair sprays, gels, aftershave, perfume, colognes, window cleaners,
air "fresheners," ad nauseam. See EHN's FDA Petition, Docket Number 99P-1340.
http://users.lmi.net/wilworks/FDApetition/bkgrinfo.htm -- barb
- Canada's Safety Council - Canada's Voice and Resource for Safety
Perfume in the Workplace
"... Chemicals used in fragrances can cause health problems such as shortness of breath,
headaches and migraines, nausea, muscle pain, and cold-like symptoms. Asthma,
emphysema, bronchitis, and allergies can all be adversely affected by the chemicals found
in scented products. According to the Lung Association, one study found that
72 per cent of people with asthma had adverse reactions to perfumes. ..."
- Clinical Manifestations of Migraine
"... Odors and fumes can also set off an attack, for example, walking by the perfume
counter in a department store or filling up the car at a gasoline station. ...When a patient
complains that the migraine headaches have become more frequent or more severe,
it is important to look for other factors that might be aggravating the migraine
- Migraine Headaches: A Common and Challenging Problem
Wendy L. Wright, ARNP, FNP
National Conference for Nurse Practitioners 2001
"...Additional triggers may include artificial sweeteners, perfumes, and physical exertion. ..."
- Migraine Pain: Not Mainly In The Brain; April 21, 1999
- Migraine Resource Center
- Migraines, Headaches, & Other Neurological Effects of Fragrance
By Betty Bridges, RN
Natural Migraine Treatment FAQ
By Catherine Woodgold
-- end Migraines --
- Military Toxics Project - MTP
- Dr. Claudia Miller
Also visit the work of Professor Nicholas A. Ashford, who has co-authored
work with Dr. Miller. EHN's General Links, page A/Ashford. -- barb
Department of Family Practice
The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
7703 Floyd Curl Drive, San Antonio, Texas 78229-3900
Telephone: (210) 567-7760; Fax: (210) 567-7764;
Email: Ý firstname.lastname@example.org
Miller Paint Company - Since 1890
- A Canary's Eye View -- Articles
EI? MCS? TILT? . . . How do we name it?
- Chemical Exposures: Low Levels and High Stakes
A Book Review by Agnes Malouf
"Chemical Exposures: Low Levels and High Stakes" (Second Edition), by
Nicholas Ashford & Claudia Miller, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1998, $64.95 US
- Committee on Veterans¼ Affairs Subcommittee on Benefits
United States House of Representatives
October 26, 1999
Invited Testimony by Claudia S. Miller, M.D., M.S.
- Exposing an Invisible Enemy . . . Health Science Center researcher
works to solve mystery of environmental illnesses
by Natalie Gutierrez; The Mission
- Gulf War Syndrome and Your Shampoo
"EHANS now has available for sale a video of a lecture by Dr. Claudia Miller titled
Gulf WarÝ Syndrome and Your Shampoo. ..."
- Ý Low-Level Chemical Exposures - A Challenge for Science and Policy
You can read it here, excerpted with permission fromÝ Environmental Science &
Technology, November 1, 1998, 32, 508A--509A.Copyright 1998 Chemical Society.
VIEWPOINT -- NICHOLAS A. ASHFORD AND CLAUDIA S. MILLER
Ingrid has a wonderful site, Safer World. I hope you visit it often. -- barb
- Dr. Claudia Miller 's Congressional Testimony on Chemical Intolerance
- RACHEL'S ENVIRONMENT & HEALTH WEEKLY #585
---February 12, 1998--- HEADLINES:
A NEW MECHANISM OF DISEASE?
- Testimony of Dr. Claudia Miller during the Public Comment of the
FDA Advisory Panel for Silicone Gel Breast Implants in April 2005.
Toxicant-Induced Loss of Tolerance ‚ An Emerging Theory of Disease?
by Claudia S. Miller
Department of Family Practice
The University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas
Reprinted from Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 105, Supplement 2, March 1997
Environmentally Friendly Paint
- MindFreedom - Support Coalition International
This site is absolutely loaded with links to articles and information on various topics.
I've built links to just a few. -- barb
MSDS from JT Baker
barb sez: Do NOT ingest mineral oil, regardless of what some advice books state.
Minnesota, University of
- Minnesota, city of Faribault Middle School develops a fragrance-free policy
Faribault school bans students' use of perfumes, colognes
Summary of the Asthma and Multiple Chemical Sensitivity Workshop
Missouri, Jefferson City, Missouri, Public Schools Section 504 Accommodation Plan
Mitral Valve Prolapse
Also see EHN's Heart
- Mitral Valve Prolapse Syndrome: sure, it can make you miserable. But does it exist?
By Richard P. Abben, M.D.
Director, Arrhythmia Center - Cardiovascular Institute of the South
Hey, fellow MCSers, guess what . . . it's being suggested that Mitral Valve Prolapse might
not exist. Yet, as I read this document, I kept thinking, Hmmmmmm, I'll bet he's not taking into
account the body's reactions to synthetic fragrances and other toxic pollutants, nor giving
thought to the effect of prescribed drugs. And how many folks do you know that are on not one,
not two, but several drugs? Where's the unbiased research, I wonder. -- barb
- Profile of Patients with Chemical Injury and Sensitivity
By Grace Ziem1 and James McTamney2
Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol 105; supplement 2, March 1997
- Mold Solutions
by Kurt and lee Ann Billings . . . following Katrina! (put up August 2007)
For ongoing information regarding molds, join . . .
- sickbuildings - Sick Buildings Information and Support
This list definitely includes information about molds. -- barb (as in wilkie)
"The German term "Bau-biologie" means "building biology" or "the relationship between buildings and life" and could be defined as:
- The impact of the building environment on human health, and the application of this knowledge to the construction, or modification, of homes and workplaces, and
- The holistic interaction between human life and other life-forms with our environment."
- Baubiologie Environmental Inspectors
- Baubiologie USA Store
Take your time scrolling and learning through this page . . . -- barb
- CAA (Calif. Apartment Association) Mold Guidelines
Available to members only. -- barb
- CALIFORNIA INDOOR AIR QUALITY PROGRAM
Infosheets and Related Links - IAQ Topics
- CDC's Stachybotrys FAQ page
Questions and Answers on Stachybotrys chartarum and other molds
Again, EHN makes no recommendations, but provides this information only to give you a
clue to the fact that there are services available for mold remediation. Please check with your
own experts before trying any method. -- barb
-- end decontamination section --
- EPA - Environmental Protection Agency
- Dr. Fungus
- FINNISH RESEARCH PROGRAMME ON ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH SYTTY
MECHANISMS OF ADVERSE HEALTH EFFECTS OF MOLDY HOUSE MICROBES:
IN VITRO AND IN VIVO STUDIES ON TOXIC EFFECTS AND INFLAMMATORY
Principal investigator: Maija-Riitta Hirvonen, Ph.D.
- Guidelines on Assessment and Remediation of Fungi in Indoor Environments
New York City Department of Health
Bureau of Environmental & Occupational Disease Epidemiology
- Indoor Environmental Quality
A Continuing Medical Education Lecture Module for Clinicians
Prepared for the Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics
by Jim Cone, Diane Bush, Susan Stair, and Elizabeth Katz
California Public Health Foundation and Hazard Evaluation System and
State of California Department of Health Services
1515 Clay St., Suite 1901
Oakland, CA 94612
Final Version ‚ Revised 8/19/96
This is set up as a slide show. Dr. James Cone is now with New York City. -- barb 11/02
- MCS Friends
- Mold blamed for illnesses, drives workers out of office
By JENNIFER COLEMAN; The Associated Press; Web posted Friday, May 5, 2000
SACRAMENTO, Calif. (AP) -
- Mold Goddess
Diana Meier, CMR, B.A.
- Mold Help
- The Mold Source
- Safe Environments
R. David Bierman, REA, Environmental Consultant
Toll Free (866) 896-5897 - (510) 549-9693 - FAX (415) 382-0612
" ... Safe Environments has provided indoor air quality investigations and microbial
contamination loss control (including mold and sewage losses) to thousands of
satisfied residential and commercial customers. Although our focus is in serving
SF Bay Area clients, we occasionally provide service throughout the Western States. ..."
- Start Remodeling.com
Toxic Mold Education -- Sick Building Syndrome
Sufferers Start To Raise Voices, Take Action...
by David Bragi, a freelance journalist who lives in El Cerrito, California, is Editor of the multicultural webzine New Tribal Dawn.
- Toxic Mold in an Office Setting
by Kathy Masera
Follow these directions from Barbara Herskovitz. -- barb (as in wilkie)
"Click on Aarchives. Type in mold. You will see parts one and two of a story
'Toxic mold in an office setting.' Read it and please share this with all your friends.
Kathy Masera has done such an excellent job of making toxic mold contamination
understandable by the average person."
- Trial Behavior Consulting
Practice Areas: Mold Litigation
"First, mold cases never seem to end. "
- Greg VanMechelen, Architect
1634 Hearst Avenue
Berkeley CA 94703
Ecological architectural design ... includes strawbale buildings
- Why Johnny Can't Breathe
"Students and staff say toxic mold at Amity Regional High
School is making them sick."
By Hank Hoffman
through Aug 2004, vailable via: http://web.archive.org/web/19990218112204/http://newhavenadvocate.com/articles/amity.html
-- end of EHN's section on Mold --
- Molecular Medicine, Institute for
Monell Chemical Senses Center
A few accomplishments:
"The Monell Chemical Senses Center was established in 1968 as the world's first scientific
institute for multidisciplinary research on taste, smell, and chemosensory irritation. "
- Aspartame, Nutrasweet, Equal
- Down on the Farm - CBC News
"Percy Versus Monsanto"
The story of wild seeds a blowin' and a sowin' and a law suit . . . -- barb
- GM seeds blowin' in the wind - CBCNews
"...Scientists say Manitoba farmers can't expect GM canola to go away easily.
In fact, even spraying the plant with herbicide repeatedly doesn't
guarantee it won't come back. They say the only sure way to rid a field of
GM canola is to pull it out by hand.
"The spread of the seed means farmers in Western Canada can't be sure
their crop is GM-free and that could hurt sales. Entz says many people
blame the seed's creator for the problem. "The genes belong to Monsanto and
the question farmers are asking is are they liable, or is the company liable?"
"Monsanto is urging farmers to call them if they have unwanted
genetically-modified canola growing on their land. The company says it will
come and remove it by hand, till it under, or use a special herbicide to kill it. ...
- ASEED Europe genetic engineering campaign
- Monsanto and G.W. Bush Administration: Who Will Own the Store?
- Monsanto's bioengineered seeds are designed to require more of the company's herbicide
- Monsanto's Dirty Tricks: Atrazine. . . Toxic Deception:
How the Chemical Industry Manipulates Science, Bends the Law, and Endangers Your Health
by Dan Fagan, Marianne Lavelle, and the Center for Public Integrity / Birch Lane Publishing Group 1996
- Monsanto's Greatest Hits
- Monsanto's site
- Hudson River Story
- Monsanto lying about effects of bovine growth hormone
By Peter Downs
- Monsanto PR mangles language
By Peter Downs
- Monsanto Sucks
- Monsanto in Closed Negotiations with the US Department of Agriculture to
Finalize Control of Terminator Technology
- Strategy Worries Crop Up in Biotechnology's War on Pests
Some Scientists Fear Genetically Modified Plants Could Pass Traits to
Enemy Weeds or Kill Helpful Insects
By Rick Weiss; Washington Post Staff Writer
Monday, September 21, 1998; Page A03
- Monsanto Sues 70-Year-Old Farmer
March 30, Toronto (WP); Orion Society
"A judge yesterday ordered a Canadian farmer to pay thousands of dollars to the
biotechnology giant Monsanto Co. because the company¼s genetically engineered
canola plants were found growing in his field, apparently after pollen from modified
plants had blown onto his property from nearby farms. ..."
- Monsanto's Terminator Technology Could Lead To World Famine
By Carol Sterritt; The Coastal Post
Monsanto's Toxic Roundup
- Monsanto under questioning
New Zealand's Royal Commission on Genetic Modification
- Monsanto Watch
- RACHEL'S ENVIRONMENT & HEALTH WEEKLY #400 .
---July 28, 1994---
EPA INVESTIGATES MONSANTO
- SLAPP Happy at Monsanto
By Peter Downs
- The Western Producer
New battlefront opens in GM wheat debate
By Adrian Ewins; Saskatoon newsroom
this document web posted: Thursday July 17, 2003 20030717p1
"... The Canadian Wheat Board released a report by three University of Manitoba scientists
that says Roundup Ready wheat poses an unacceptable risk to the environment. ..."
The Montana Project
- American Mosquito Control Association, The
"The AMCA is a PESP Partner and advocates integrated pest
management (IPM) which has been identified by the Federal government
as an underutilized approach to pest control that would lead to reductions
in pesticide risk. Learn how this is accomplished through the extensive use
of surveillance, mosquito fish, biological and reduced risk insecticides, and
reduction in source areas where the larvae develop."
- Beyond Pesticides: NATIONAL ALLIANCE FOR
INFORMED MOSQUITO MANAGEMENT (AIMM)
- CDC: Surveillance for Acute Insecticide-Related Illness Associated with
Mosquito-Control Efforts --- Nine States, 1999--2002
Now, what I wonder, is does CDC look to long-term effects, say of Malathion poisoning?
We know that we lost Julia Kendall to leukemia that developed as a result of malathion poisoning.
Surveillance for acute illnesses is one thing, but what about the long-term effects, including
Multiple Chemical Sensitivity, Parkinson's, etc. ? -- barb
- Chicago Wilderness Magazine
The Great Spray Debate: Spring 2003
Could synthetic sprays eliminate our best defenseagainst West Nile virus ã a healthy ecosystem?
by Arthur Melvile Pearson
"... Dr. William Paul, deputy commissioner of the Chicago Department of Public Health,
acknowledges that spraying of adult mosquitoes is the least effective means of
mosquito control. ..."
"... But what, exactly, is the degree of risk? Chicago's Web site carries the message that,
even where West Nile is established, fewer than one percent of mosquitoes are
infected. The CDC estimates that the majority of people who become infected will
experience no symptoms at all. Twenty percent may develop West Nile Fever, with
flu-like symptoms that may last a few days. The CDC further estimates that only 1 in 150
infected individuals, or .7 percent, may develop a more severe manifestation of the
"Compared to the low risk of contracting this serious disease, what is the likelihood of
someone suffering a reaction to the spraying itself? According to the National Pesticide
Information Center, inhaling pyrethroids ã if you happened to be outdoors during
spraying, for instance ã can cause its own flu-like symptoms: "coughing, wheezing,
shortness of breath, runny or stuffy nose, chest pain, or difficulty breathing...rash,
itching, or blisters." Those most at risk are the young, the elderly, those with asthma, and
those with chemical sensitivity.
"As for long-term risks, the EPA has determined that pyrethroids are carcinogenic,
although which risk classification remains to be determined. The No Spray Coalition
reports that the various elements in Anvil are either known or suspected to be toxic to
the liver, kidneys, the gastrointestinal tract, and the respiratory tract. ..." [Emphasis added/.]
- Fairfield Connecticut's Mosquito Management - Health Department Role Fact Sheet
- "Menacing mosquitoes!"
- Mosquito & Vector Control Association of California (MVC)
- Mosquito Dunks
RealGoods: Doughnut-shaped dunks float on water and slowly release
bacillus thuringiensis, a natural pesticide lethal to mosquito larvae.
Mosquito Management Program., State of Connecticut
WHAT MEASURES PREVENT VECTOR-BORNE VIRAL ENCEPHALITIS?
See EHN's list of Hotels
Mothers & Others
They've closed their doors, their website is a NOT FOUND. Sad.
Mothers for Cleaner Air
Mothers for Natural Law
Mountain Light Photography
The Mountain Resource Center
"Mission Statement: To identify and advocate needed services for mountain
area residents, and to bring institutions and individuals together to provide
these programs via a local, single point of entry.
The Mountain Resource Center is located at:
10875 US Hwy. 285
Conifer CO 80433
Telephone: (303) 838-7552
Also see EHN's Videos, where you can learn about Alison Johnson's videos and others. -- barb
The Tomato Effect
2003: A film documentary in the making.
What's that? Tomato Effect???? Click here to find out! This is a movie FOR us. -- barb
Benefit Party - Silent Auction -- Read all about it! Attend fragrance-free
Aug 22, 2003, San Francisco, 6-9 p.m., Delancey St. Foundation
About the film
News and Press
Newsletter (A coming attraction)
Funds are needed . . . Please Donate what you can.
Their Donate page came up garbled on my screen, but here is the important info:
Below is a letter from the International Documentary
Association, which endorses my documentary, The
Tomato Effect, and provides me with fiscal
sponsorship. This means that if you would like to
donate, your contribution is tax deductible.
Your help is greatly needed and immensely appreciated.
If you choose to contribute, simply make your check
out to the IDA and note, “The Tomato
Effect” in the memo section. Mail
your check to one of the following addresses:
PO Box 3382
Santa Monica, CA 90408
International Documentary Association
1201 West 5th Street, Suite M320
Los Angeles, CA 90017
Don’t forget to reference “The
Tomato Effect” on your check!! Also,
if your contribution is $200 or over, you will automatically
be sent a receipt. Otherwise, please request one.
Bill Moyers' Trade Secrets
Multinational Monitor Online
- The Options - Right to Know and Protecting Yourself
Under Protecting Yourself, Kitchen
"Food producers increasingly rely on synthetic flavors
and food dyes, some of which are proven toxins. For
example: "Blue number two," used in beverages, candy
and pet food causes brain tumors in male mice.
"Red number three," used in baked goods, candy, and
maraschino cherries, has caused thyroid tumors in rats.
While petroleum-based artificial flavorings are generally
safe, their manufacture often leads to potential
exposures. For example, the production of Vanillin -
artificial vanilla flavor - requires benzene."
Vanillin and Benzene
Under Protecting Yourself, Bathroom:
"The identities of the estimated 3,000 chemicals used in the
fragrance industry are strictly protected under trade
secrecy laws. Manufacturers of perfumes, colognes, soaps,
lotions and other products merely list "fragrance" on
labels without revealing specific chemicals, making it
impossible to evaluate health risks. Manufacturers have
the responsibility to assure that their products are safe,
but several fragrance ingredients that were used in
products for more than 20 years were later found to be
neurotoxic or carcinogenic. One 1998 study in the Archives
of Environmental Health found that mice repeatedly
exposed to certain colognes suffered nervous system damage,
as well as lung problems."
"Because it is impossible to know the identity of fragrance
ingredients - and therefore to evaluate their potential
effects on human health - you may choose to use soaps
and lotions that are fragrance free."
"Scents & Sensitivity
"Fragrance Info Network [the site of Betty Bridges, RN]
And then, under Kitchen, check out Flavors ... the other half
of the Flavors and Fragrance industry:
"Food producers increasingly rely on synthetic flavors and
food dyes, some of which are proven toxins. For example:
"Blue number two," used in beverages, candy and pet food
causes brain tumors in male mice. "Red number three," used
in baked goods, candy, and maraschino cherries, has
caused thyroid tumors in rats. While petroleum-based
artificial flavorings are generally safe, their manufacture
often leads to potential exposures. For
example, the production of Vanillin - artificial vanilla
flavor - requires benzene."
MS -- Multiple Sclerosis
MSDS (Material Data Safety Sheets -- see EHN's list of links)
MTBE (methyl tertiary butyl ether)
UC Davis' MTBE Research
U.S. Geological Survey Laboratory Method for Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) ...
- Corporate Junk Science Corporate Influence at International Science Organizations
Multiple Chemical Sensitivity
See EHN's page MCS at
Folks, you are adding the musks to your body, the body of your children, and to fish and wildlife
downstream. Musks store in adipose (fatty) tissue and they do not "wash out" in wastewater
treatment. As there are no government regulations in place to protect you from all of the
fragrance chemicals in the myriad of products to which they've been added, it is up to you to
become a savy shopper. Buy fragrance-free . . . but here you have to be particularly astute as the
FDA allows words like "fragrance-free" and "unscented" to be used even though fragrances
are used in the product as "masking scents." Look for eco-friendly, truly fragrance-free,
petrochemical free and organic products. You'll create less pollution for the air, your body and our planet. -- barb
Myalgic Encephalopathy (ME)
- ambiente: [ambio] Fragrance chemicals as an environmental concern
- Botanical ElementsTM
BETA Research Resource page
Lots of info . . . read it, become aware. -- barb
- Chemical Pollutants (ChemPro)
Prof. Dr. Walter Giger, Head; Switzerland
- Chemicals: Cosmetics Identified in Breast Milk: Nitro Musks
- Chem-Tox : Perfume and Fragrance Exposure During Pregnancy
Common Fragrance Ingredient Damages Connections Between Brain Cells
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, Volume 75:571-575 (1984)
" ... Musk Ambrette is the name given to a commonly used fragrance ingredient, that
according to researchers, causes serious brain damage in laboratory animals exposed
to the chemical. ...
- Civet Cat
Section of article about SARS, which describes musk collection as it used to happen. Now they
synthesize musk. Great for the animals, but how about the health of 'fume users? -- barb
" ... Best known is the Indian civet, which was often captured so its musk could be used
for perfume. The palm civet is a tree-dwelling, fruit-eating family, with a number of
species found in Africa and Asia.
"Animal rights groups say the civet is often kept in a narrow cage where, every two or
three weeks, a person will grab the animal while another applies pressure to the musk
gland between the genitals and the tail to extract a fatty, yellow substance that's used
as the basis of perfume. (Most perfume companies now use synthetic civet musk). ..."
- Common Fragrance Ingredient Damages Connections Between Brain Cells
Drs. P. S. Spencer, M. C. Bischoff-Fenton, O.M. Moreno, D. L. Opdyke, R. A. Ford
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology Vol.75:571-575 (1984)
- Cosmetics Unmasked -- New Restrictions Proposed for Fragrance Chemicals
By Stephen and Gina Antczak, authors of Cosmetics Unmasked
"... 32.Musk ambrette
" Prohibited. Musk ambrette should not be used as a fragrance ingredient based on
photosensitivity, neurotoxic effects and on accumulated evidence that musk ambrette
can penetrate human skin and is only slowly excreted. ..."
- ENVIRONMENTAL GENOTOXICOLOGY:
Field and Human Studies in the Nordic/Baltic Region
30 June - 3 July 1999, Vilnius, Lithuania
SEE: EVALUATION OF HEALTH RISKS CAUSED BY NITRO MUSKS
By Sebastian Kevekordes, Hartmut Dunkelberg, Volker Mersch-Sundermann
Use your browser's find command to search for MUSK. -- barb
- "A Whiff of Danger: Synthetic Musks May Encourage Toxic Bioaccumulation"
Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 113, Number 1; January 2005
- Common household fragrances may be harming aquatic wildlife, study finds - 30 Oct 2004
"Those fragrant soaps and shampoos we casually rinse down the drain may be causing
long-term damage to aquatic wildlife downstream by interfering with the animals'
natural ability to eliminate toxins from their system, according to a new Stanford
University study published by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). ..."
"...The study also has implications for human health. 'People have these same transporters
in the blood-brain barrier, the placenta and the intestines,' Luckenbach explained.
'Perhaps exposure to chemical fragrances could compromise the transporters, making
it easier for pollutants to enter the brain, for example.'..."
Also see EHN's section on POPs, General Links, page P. -- barb
- Environmental Protection Agency
- The European Commission
"... Draft opinions on Musk Ketone and Musk Xylene"
Dr. White introduced the issue saying that the Plenary meeting of 30 September 1999
decided to refer the draft opinions on Musk Ketone and Musk Xylene back to the
Working Party as there was still concern about carcinogenicity, their accumulation in
mother's milk and an acceptable concentration in the finished product.[emphasis added]
- Fragranced Products Information Network
"Do Fragrance Chemicals Play a Role in Breast Cancer?"
By Betty Bridges, RN
- Fragrance (& Spice) Allergy
Aukland Allergy Clinic
"Fragrances are among the most common causes of allergic contact dermatitis, and
they are certainly the most common cosmetic ingredient causing allergic contact
dermatitis. They can also cause photodermatitis, contact urticaria, irritation,
hyperpigmentation and depigmentation of skin. ..."
- GALAXOLIDE 50 CAS: 1222-05-5
Search Aldrich (https://www.sigma-aldrich.com/) by CAS # 1222-05-5
CAS: 1222-05-5 ...
"... Miscellaneous: This chemical is in the EPA inventory under TSCA.
And then from the MSDS for Galaxolide 50 . . . from Aldrich
[The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA),1976.]
"Label Precautions: Irritant
"Flavors and Fragrances"
CYCLOPENTA(G)-2-BENZOPYRAN IN 50% DEP
CONTAINS DIETHYL PHTHALATE, CHEMICAL ABSTRACTS REGISTRY NUMBER 84-66-2
"SECTION 11. - - - - - - - - - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION - - - - - - - -
Frankly, I've never been at risk from swallowing another individual's signature scent, but I
TO THE BEST OF OUR KNOWLEDGE, THE CHEMICAL, PHYSICAL,
AND TOXICOLOGICAL PROPERTIES HAVE NOT BEEN THOROUGHLY INVESTIGATED.
CAUSES SKIN IRRITATION.
MAY BE HARMFUL IF ABSORBED THROUGH THE SKIN.
MAY CAUSE EYE IRRITATION.
MAY BE HARMFUL IF INHALED.
MATERIAL MAY BE IRRITATING TO MUCOUS MEMBRANES AND UPPER
MAY BE HARMFUL IF SWALLOWED.
have been put in harm's way because I had to INHALE another's favorite fragrance. Just imagine
the harm users could set themselves up for through absorption AND inhalation. -- barb
- Dictionary of Toxicology, 2nd Edition
MacMillan Reference Ltd
"acetylethyltetramethyltetramin (AETT; polycyclic musk; musk tetralin;
Versalide; Musk 26A; 1,1,4,4 - tetramethyl - 6 - ethyl - 7 - acetyl - 1,2,3,4 -
tetrahydronaphthaline). CAS number 83-29-9. A neurotoxic compound originally
used in fragrance preparations, but now withdrawn from commercial use and thus
primarily of historical interest. Blue tissue discoloration follows i.p. injection into rats and
rabbits, but not monkeys, ostensibly from metabolism to a triketoindane. After acute
intoxication, animals experience hyperexcitability, depression and then progressive
tremors. In subchronic exposure, animals exhibit hyperexciteability and hyperirritability,
intermittent arching of the back, ataxia, limb weakness, foot drop and eversion of the
hindfeet. Morphological changes include early and widespread neuronal pigmentation,
and, later, scattered neuronal degeneration, intramyelinic edema and segmental
demyelination. The LD50s in female rates are 316 mg/kg (oral), 126 mg/kg (i.p.) and
584 mg/kg (unoccluded percutaneous). The mechanism of action is unknown. One sign
of intoxication is a green-colored urine. There is no effective therapy."
Synonyms and related keywords: Riehl's melanosis, pigmented cosmetic dermatitis,
pigmented contact dermatitis, pigmented cosmetic contact dermatitis, melanosis faciei
feminae, erythroderma exfoliativa recidivans faciei, lichen ruber planus cum
- Environmental Health Perspectives
Volume 107, Number 7, July 1999
Fragrances and Health
"... Musk ambrette was also used in fragrances for years. Testing by the Research
Institute for Fragrance Materials indicated that it was safe for use. It was later determined
that musk ambrette caused photosensitivity reactions and had neurotoxic properties
(3). The International Fragrance Association recommended in 1985 that musk
ambrette not be used in products with skin contact. In 1991, musk ambrette was still
being found in products tested by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). ..."
by Betty Bridges, RN
- The Good Scents Company
- Health Canada
JUSTIFICATION FOR COSMETIC HOTLIST ITEM: MUSK AMBRETTE
- Huber Research
Polycyclic and Nitromusks -- Polycyclic and nitromusks are artificial (non-natural)
odiferous raw materials used in fragrance and flavor oils .
"Due to their warm, sensual, long lasting odor, their exceptional chemical stability and
their comparatively low price these compounds are - or were - extensively used1 in
perfumery, cosmetics and toiletries, soaps and detergents and technical products.
"Proof of the presence of nitromusks in the environment, more specifically in water and in
fish, date back to the early eighties [2,3]. Research on the contamination of surface
water, supply and drain sites of water purification plants has intensified this decade
[4,5]. Musk xylene has been detected in human milk, fat  and blood . Polycyclic musks
have been found in the environment , in human fat and milk [9,10]. ..."
- The impact of musk ketone on reproduction in zebrafish (Danio rerio).
Carlsson G, Orn S, Andersson PL, Soderstrom H, Norrgren L.
Dept of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences,
SE-750 07 Uppsala, Sweden.
PubMed; Mar Environ Res 2000 Jul-Dec;50(1-5):237-41
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Summaries & Evaluations
MUSK AMBRETTE AND MUSK XYLENE
".1 Exposure data
"Musk ambrette and musk xylene are nitro musks, which are prepared by nitration of
tert-butylcresol methyl ether and tert-butyl-meta-xylene, respectively. Musk xylene and,
in lower amounts, musk ambrette have been used since the early 1900s as fragrance
ingredients in perfumes, soaps, detergents and cosmetics. Musk ambrette has also
been used at low levels in foods such as candy, chewing gum and beverages. Nitro musks
have been detected in surface waters and in fish and shellfish. ..."
- KETONE MOSCHUS
Aldrich: Found on search for "Musk" -- SYNONYMS
ACETOPHENONE, 4'-TERT-BUTYL-2',6'-DIMETHYL-3',5'-DINITRO- * 2-ACETYL-
5-TERT-BUTYL-4,6-DINITROXYLENE * 1-(4-(1,1-DIMETHYLETHYL)-2,6-
DIMETHYL-3,5-DINITROPHENYL)ETHANONE * MUSK KETONE *
SECTION 4. - - - - - - - - - - FIRST-AID MEASURES- - - - - - - - - - -
AFTER CONTACT WITH SKIN, WASH IMMEDIATELY WITH PLENTY OF SOAP
IN CASE OF CONTACT WITH EYES, RINSE IMMEDIATELY WITH PLENTY OF
WATER AND SEEK MEDICAL ADVICE.
R&S: S: 22-24/25 [See Risk & Safety data sheet]
22. Haramful if swallowed
REALLY NICE STUFF!!!!!!!!!! Check for yourself-- barb
23. Toxic by inhalation
24. Toxic in contact with skin
24/25. Toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed
- Levels of Synthetic Musks in Municipal Wastewater
for Estimating Biota Exposure in Receiving Waters
by Lantis I. Osemwengie;Bachelor of Science Texas Southern University, Houston, Texas 1982
I wonder how the water and carp would test in 2003??? -- barb
- JUSTIFICATION FOR COSMETIC HOTLIST ITEM: MUSK AMBRETTE
- MUSK AMBERETTE
- MUSK - An Essay
- Musk Deer
WWF - Be a Pharmaceutical Flatfoot!
- Musk ketone enhances benzo(a)pyrene induced mutagenicity
in human derived Hep G2 cells.
Mersch-Sundermann V, Schneider H, Freywald C, Jenter C, Parzefall W, Knasmuller S.
Dept of Toxicology and Ecotoxicology, FB VI, University of Trier, 54286, Trier, Germany
PubMed; Mutat Res. 2001 Aug 22;495(1-2):89-96.
- Musk Odorants
by John C. Leffingwell, Ph.D.
Well, just about the time I think I've found that musk ambrette has been pulled from market,
I find it listed here in several places . . . but I can't get to additional info on it. -- barb
- Musk T Supra; Aroma Chemical Compendium
Chemical: Ethylene brassylate -- barb
"Odor Description: Musky, fatty, floral, amber
"Occurrence in Nature: Not found in nature.
"Application Information: Useful in functional fragrance where a musk accord is
desirable. Works well in household fragrances, where enhanced odor performance
and product stability are issues. ..."
- Musk xylene
Healthy Milk, Healthy Baby- Chemical Pollution and Mother's Milk
- Natural Substances Power Perfume
Not quite all "natural." -- barb
- New Zealand Dermatological Society
Fragrance Mix Allergy
"There are more than 5000 different fragrances that are in use today. In any one product
the number of fragrances used can be many. Fortunately only a small number of
fragrances are actually common sensitisers and cause allergy in sensitive individuals. "
- Nitromusk compounds in women with gynecological and
"Musk xylene (MX), musk ketone (MK), musk ambrette, musk moskene, and musk
tibetene are synthetic fragrances. Between 1994 and 1996 these five nitromusk
compounds (NMCs) were tested in the blood of 152 women who consulted the
Endocrinological Department of the University Hospital of Obstetrics and Gynecology,
Heidelberg, Germany, because of gynecological problems. ..."
- On the Scent: Conserving Musk Deer
The uses of Musk and Europe¼s role in its trade
- Perfume and Neurological Effects
A couple of abstracts concerning musk are in this list. -- barb
- Perfumes may impede reproductive ability
By WALTER J. CRINNION, N.D.; 05/16/2003
Read this! If you suffer from PMS, you'll want to think twice about perfume use also.
You'll have to register, but it's free. -- barb
"... Alergic reactions:
Fragrances containing, for example, musk ambrette and methylcoumarin
Sunscreens with p-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) esters ..."
- Contact Dermatitis 1986 Jan;14(1):53-6
A simple method of qualitative analysis for musk ambrette, musk ketone
and musk xylene in cologne.
Goh CL, Kwok SF.
"Musk ambrette has become one of the commonest photosensitizers in many countries
and is the cause of persistent light reactions in many patients. A simple method is
presented for qualitative analysis for musk ambrette and other nitromusks in colognes
using thin-layer chromatography with toluene as carrier solvent and visualization
under UVL. It is useful for identifying such colognes so that proper recommendations
can be given to patients sensitive to musk ambrette. 14 of 32 men's colognes,
analysed by TLC and confirmed on GC/MS, were found to contain musk ambrette,
the concentration varying from 0.02 to 0.39% w/v.
PMID: 3948510 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
- Photoallergic contact dermatitis to musk ambrette. Clinical report of two patients with persistent light reactor patterns.
Giovinazzo VJ, Harber LC, Armstrong RB, Kochevar IE.
"... Patients presenting with dermatoses of unknown origin confined to the light-exposed areas should have fragrances considered as possible etiologic agents. ..."
- References concerning polycyclic musk fragrances
Toldeo Blade article:
Synthetic musk linked to environmental risks
BY MICHAEL WOODS
- Aquatic Fate Assessment of the Polycyclic Musk Fragrance HHCB - Scenario and
Variability Analysis in Accordance with the EU Risk Assessment Guidelines.
Chemosphere 41(5): 671-679
Schwartz, S.; V. Berding; M. Matthies (2000).
BLADE SCIENCE EDITOR; March 24, 1999
"...Drs. Kevekordes and Rimkus said that American scientists generally are not
as aware of the European findings. Dr. Rimkus said scientists and
government regulators have lagged Europe and Japan in research on the
Japan, he said, has banned musk xylene because of its ability to accumulate in
fish and other aquatic life used as human food. Western European countries
have agreed on a partial, voluntary phase-out of musk xylene, he said.
"'On the basis of the precautionary principle, strong endeavors should be made
by industry to move in the long term toward cessation of production and
discharges of these synthetic musk compounds because of their poor
degradability,' Dr. Rimkus said. ..."
- Toxicol Lett 2002 May 28;131(3):147-151
Dermal absorption and disposition of musk ambrette, musk ketone and
musk xylene in human subjects.
Hawkins DR, Elsom LF, Kirkpatrick D, Ford RA, Api AM.
Huntingdon Life Sciences Ltd., Alconbury, Cambridgeshire PE17 5HS, Huntingdon, UK
"Musk ambrette, musk ketone and musk xylene have a long history of use as
fragrance ingredients, although musk ambrette is no longer used in fragrances. ...
Since the primary route of exposure to fragrances is on the skin, dermal doses of
carbon-14 labelled musk ambrette, musk ketone and musk xylene were applied to
the backs (100 cm2) of healthy human volunteers (two to three subjects) at a
nominal dose level of 10-20 microg/cm2 and excess material removed at 6 h."
Some thoughts: Perhaps "the primary route of exposure to fragrances is on the skin," but that
is of the primary user. Failed to be taken into consideration is the fact that fragrances are
volatile and therefore are inhaled by user and non-user. Even non-users can suffer
adverse skin reactions to fragrance chemicals on the ambient air. Users and non-users are
subjected to the adverse effects of fragrance chemicals via the respiratory system and via the direct
pathway to the brain. There should be much more to fragrance testing than dermal effects
upon the user. And there should be a far greater understanding of the effects of commonly used
fragrance chemicals such as the phthalates, musks and coumarins. -- barb
- Chirality 1999;11(10):795-801
Enantiomeric composition of the polycyclic musks HHCB and AHTN in
different aquatic species
Franke S, Meyer C, Heinzel N, Gatermann R, Huhnerfuss H, Rimkus G, Konig WA,
Francke W.; 1: Chirality 1999;11(10):795-801
"Synthetic polycyclic musk fragrances are mainly represented by the compounds HHCB
(Galaxolide(TM)) and AHTN (Tonalide(TM)). Because of their volume of use and their
bioaccumulation potential, there is concern with respect to their environmental safety. ..."
- 1: Anticancer Res. 2002 Sep-Oct;22(5):2657-62.
Evaluation of carcinogenic potential of two nitro-musk derivatives, musk xylene
and musk tibetene in a host-mediated in vivo/in vitro assay system.
Apostolidis S, Chandra T, Demirhan I, Cinatl J, Doerr HW, Chandra A.
Department of Molecular Biology (ZBC), Frankfurt University Medical School,
60590 Frankfurt, Germany.
" ... The oncogenicity of these cell lines was tested in athymic nu/nu mice. Animals
injected subcutaneously with these cells (1 x 10(6) cells at each side of the neck)
developed tumors at the injection sites within 3 weeks of treatment. The experimental
data reported here lead to the conclusion that musk xylene, as well as musk tibetene,
have carcinogenic activity. In contrast to the negative results for mutagenicity and
genotoxicity, a non-genotoxic mechanism for the carcinogenicity of musk xylene and
musk tibetene must be considered. ..."
- Int J Hyg Environ Health 2001 May;203(4):293-9
Evaluation of health risks caused by musk ketone.
Schmeiser HH, Gminski R, Mersch-Sundermann V.
Institute of Microbiology and Hygiene, Faculty of Clinical Medicine Mannheim,
University of Heidelberg, P.O. Box 100023, D-68135 Mannheim, Germany.
"Among the nitro musks, musk ketone (MK) as a synthetic compound with a typical musk
odor is widely used in cosmetics. In the European Community the total amount used in
fragrances has been reported to be 110 tons/a. Additionally, relevant amounts of MK are
used in Indian joss sticks. As a result of its inherently low biodegradability MK has been
detected in the aquatic environment (surface water, sediments, edible fish). Moreover, it
has been shown that MK concentrates in human fatty tissue and breast milk, indicating
that humans are constantly exposed. Several studies provided convincing evidence of lack
of a genotoxic potential for MK. However, MK was identified as a strong inducer of phase
I enzymes in rodents and a cogenotoxicant in vitro in human derived cells in rather low
doses, suggesting that exposure to MK might increase the susceptibility to health hazards
caused by carcinogens in humans." [emphasis added]
- 1: J Pharm Biomed Anal 1998 Jul;17(3):393-8
GC-MS analysis of incenses for possible presence of allergenic nitromusks.
Roveri P, Andrisano V, Di Pietra AM, Cavrini V.
Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Universita di Bologna, Italy.
"A Gas chromatographic method with mass detector was developed to identify and
determine nitromusks in incense sticks of different origin (India, China, Tibet). The
proposed method was found useful to correlate dermatological allergic reactions with
the use and composition of commercial incense sticks. The incense sticks were powdered,
extracted with methanol and after the addition of 1-eicosanol as internal standard,
injected into the GC-MS, using 25 m bonded phase fused capillary column methyl, 5%
phenyl silicone (0.32 mm I.D., 0.25 microns film thickness). Musk ambrette was identified
and determined in one kind of chinese[sic] incense together with musk ketone and
musk xylene. The latter compound was also found alone in another kind of chinese incense."
PMID: 9656149 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
- 1: Sci Total Environ. 2003 Apr 15;305(1-3):53-64.
Inhibition of larval development of the marine copepod Acartia tonsa by
four synthetic musk substances.
Wollenberger L, Breitholtz M, Ole Kusk K, Bengtsson BE.
Environment and Resources DTU, Technical University of Denmark, Building 115,
DK-2800 Kgs, Lyngby, Denmark. email@example.com
"... Since the synthetic musks strongly inhibited larval development in A. tonsa at low
nominal concentrations, they should be considered as very toxic. The larval development
test with A. tonsa is able to provide important aquatic toxicity data for the evaluation
of synthetic musks, for which there is little published ecotoxicological information
available regarding Crustacea. It is suggested that subchronic and chronic copepod toxicity
tests should be used more frequently for risk assessment of environmental
- Chemosphere 1999 Oct;39(10):1723-35
Levels of synthetic musks; bromocyclene and PCBs in eel (Anguilla anguilla)
and PCBs in sediment samples from some waters of Berlin/Germany.
Fromme H, Otto T, Pilz K, Neugebauer F; 1: Chemosphere 1999 Oct;39(10):1723-35
"... This tendency, and the high amounts of polycyclic musk fragrances in the edible
parts of eel show that these musks are widely being used in place of nitro musks and
that they reach the aquatic system via waste waters, especially those of sewage treatment
plants. ..." [emphasis added]
- Mutat Res 2001 Aug 22;495(1-2):89-96
Musk ketone enhances benzo(a)pyrene induced mutagenicity in
human derived Hep G2 cells.
Mersch-Sundermann V, Schneider H, Freywald C, Jenter C, Parzefall W, Knasmuller S.
Department of Toxicology and Ecotoxicology, FB VI, University of Trier, 54286 Trier,
"Musk ketone is a widely used artificial fragrance which has been identified in human
fatty tissue and milk. ... The results of the present study show that
MK amplifies the genotoxic effects of B(a)P in human derived cells and indicate that
exposure of humans to MK might increase their susceptibility to the health hazards of
B(a)P and other polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons." [emphasis added]
>Neurotoxic fragrance produces ceroid and myelin disease.
Spencer PS, Sterman AB, Horoupian DS, Foulds MM.
- Environ Res 2001 Dec;87(3):123-30
Nitromusk compounds in women with gynecological and endocrine dysfunction.
Eisenhardt S, Runnebaum B, Bauer K, Gerhard I.
WHO Collaborating Centre for Research in Gynecological Endocrinology, Department
for Gynecological Endocrinology and Reproduction, University Hospital of Obstetrics
and Gynecology, Voss-Strasse 9, Heidelberg, 69115, Germany.
"...On the basis of our data, a reproductive toxicity and an endocrine effect of NMCs in
women cannot be ruled out. Further experimental and clinical studies should be conducted.
- J Am Acad Dermatol. 1980 Oct;3(4):384-93.
Photoallergic contact dermatitis to musk ambrette.
Clinical report of two patients with persistent light reactor patterns.
- Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 2002 May;42(4):437-46
Synthetic musks in the environment. Part 1: Species-dependent bioaccumulation of
polycyclic and nitro musk fragrances in freshwater fish and mussels.
Gatermann R, Biselli S, Huhnerfuss H, Rimkus GG, Hecker M, Karbe L.
Dr. Wiertz, Dipl.-Chem. Eggert, Dr. Jorissen GmbH, Analytical Laboratory (WEJ),
Stenzelring 14b, D-21107 Hamburg, Germany.
- 1: Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2002 May;42(4):447-53.
Synthetic musks in the environment. Part 2: Enantioselective transformation of the
polycyclic musk fragrances HHCB, AHTN, AHDI, and ATII in freshwater fish.
Gatermann R, Biselli S, Huhnerfuss H, Rimkus GG, Franke S, Hecker M, Kallenborn R,
Karbe L, Konig WA.
Dr. Wiertz, Dipl.-Chem. Eggert, Dr. Jorissen GmbH Analytical Laboratory (WEJ),
Stenzelring 14b, D-21107 Hamburg, Germany.
- Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2001 Sep;74(7):470-6
Trends in the musk xylene concentrations in plasma samples from the general
population from 1992/1993 to 1998 and the relevance of dermal uptake.
Kafferlein HU, Angerer J.
Institut und Poliklinik fur Arbeits-. Sozial- und Umweltmedizin, Universitat Erlangen,
Erlangen, Germany. firstname.lastname@example.org
" OBJECTIVES: Musk xylene (MX), an environmentally important nitromusk compound,
is used in different fragrances and soaps as substitute for natural musk. MX is known
to occur in breast milk and plasma samples from the general population. Biological
monitoring was carried out to study the change in MX concentrations in plasma from
the general population over a period of about 6 years. .... The observed decrease is
explained by the discontinued use of MX in detergents in Germany since 1993. ..."
- Raising a Stink - civet cats
- References concerning polycyclic musk fragrances
Quality assurance of fate and exposure models for risk assessment of substances
Polycyclic musk fragrances: HHCB (CAS 1222-05-5, trade names e.g. Galaxolide®,
Abbalide®, Pearlide®, Polalide®, Musk 50®), AHTN (CAS 1506-02-1,
trade names e.g. Tonalide®, Fixolide®), ADBI (CAS 13171-00-1, trade names
e.g. Celestolide®, Crysolide®), AHDI (CAS 15323-35-0, trade name e.g.
Phantolide®), DPMI (CAS 33704-61-9, trade name e.g. Cashmeran®),
ATII (CAS 68140-48-7, trade name e.g. Traseolide®), ATTN/AEET (CAS 88-29-9,
trade name e.g. Versalide®)
- shenet aroma
Syntetisk mysk - Synthetic Musk
- Synthetic Musk Fragrances
By Stephan Lutter
Read this! -- barb
Or via PDF file
- Synthetic Musk Fragrances in the Environment
By H¸hnerfuss, H., S. Biselli and R. Gatermann (2003); Research Group Prof. H¸hnerfuss
Enantioselective analysis of polycyclic musks as a versatile tool for the understanding of environmental processes, in: G. Rimkus (ed.) Synthetic Musk Fragrances in the Environment, Springer Verlag, Heidelberg. (will appear soon)
- Synthetic Musk Fragrances in Lake Michigan
Environ. Sci. Technol. 2004, 38, 367-372 1jan04
AARON M . PECK and KERI C. HORNBUCKLE
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering,
The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242
- Synthetic musk linked to environmental risks
BY MICHAEL WOODS; TOLEDO BLADE SCIENCE EDITOR;March 24, 1999
Available through Canary Cosmetics.com
- UNSUSTAINABLE DEMAND FOR NATURAL MUSK
ENDANGERS MUSK DEER POPULATIONS
Frankfurt, Germany; Tuesday, 6 July 1999, 09:00 am GMT
- U.S. Imports for Consumption: December 1999 and 1999 Year-to-Date, not Seasonally Adjusted
- Synthetic Musk Fragrances
World Wildlife Fund
EHN's page on CFIDS
EHN's page of MCS Links
ME -- Myalgic Encephalomyelitis or CFS -- Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
ME research action plan revealed
Tuesday, 17December, 2002, 01:08 GMT
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADD / ADHD)
- "... According to Dr. William Campbell Douglass (Second Opinion March 2001),
the brain is made mostly of fat. The myelin sheath that insulates every nerve fiber is
made of fat. The essential fatty acids, also called Vitamin F or omega 3 fatty acids, are
probably the most significant dietary deficiency today,..."
- The Edelson Center for Environmental and Preventive Medicine
Autism and other EI information
- The Myelin Projec
"The Myelin Project aims to accelerate research on myelin repair. Myelin,
the white matter insulating the nerves, allows the conduction of impulses
from one part of the body to another. It can be destroyed by hereditary
metabolic disorders such as the leukodystrophies, and in acquired diseases
such as multiple sclerosis. ..."
- Multiple Chemical Sensitivity (MCS)
By Rabin Prusty, MSCE - Environmental Engineer
" ... A significant percentage of our population, due to their genetic makeup, are less
tolerant to toxic chemicals. Most of them will develop MCS through exposure to toxic
chemicals being used in our society. Unfortunately, in the case of MCS, politics plays a
major role. Emphasis should be given to conduct privately funded research for MCS
including Gene Therapy."
- Poster BC0203 - Monitoring experimental demyelinating lesions in the central
nervous system by recording the cerebellar auditory evoked potential and detecting
myelin basic protein in the cerebrospinal fluid
Xuguang Liu, David E. Ray, Paul Glynn
MRC Toxicology Unit, University of Leicester, Lancaster Road, Leicester LE1 9HN, ENGLAND.
--- Internet address email@example.com ---
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EHN's homepage: http://users.lmi.net/~wilworks/ehnindex.htm
Julia Kendall (1935 - 1997) leaves a legacy. Use this info in good health:
Fabric Softeners = Health Risks From Dryer Exhaust and Treated Fabrics
Making Sense of Scents
Twenty Most Common Chemicals Found in Thirty-One Fragrance Products
In progress -- it may be slow but it is steady. Please bear with us. Thank you.
ehnlinx/m.htm -- 11/1/99