GREG'S NIGHTHAWK S PAGE
There are a few problems which seem to be fairly widespread with this bike. The following
notes come from my own experience combined with info from other sources, namely
mechanics, parts counter people, magazines, and other owners.
ALTERNATOR SHAFT CHAIN BREAKS
The CB700SC was one of Honda's first inline-fours with the alternator (and starter)
moved back onto a discrete shaft, decreasing the width of the engine. Unfortunately, the
original chain driving this shaft (from the crankshaft) and/or the tensioner has a tendency
to break. I understand there was an update to the chain to fix this problem, but I don't
know if it made it into any production bikes. The symptoms of this problem are no charging,
no useful starter (whirrrr!), and poor idle/running as the battery doesn't seem quite
powerful enough when running with a "total loss" (no alternator/generator) electrical
This happened to my '85 bike. It took me quite a while to realize what the problem was
and decide to fix it, five years in fact. At last I decided to return to riding, pulled the
engine out (ouch!), and had a mechanic replace the chain and tensioner for about $650. I
put that sucker back in (double ouch!) and now it lives again, although with more noise
and vibration and oil consumption than I remember. Next time I'll follow Honda's
long-term storage recommendations.
A lot of people have had starter problems. My bike has the following symptoms:
Oil in the starter motor, which tends to leak out and make a mess. I imagine
this is caused by high compression in the crankcase resulting from leaky rings, possibly combined with a starter commutator shaft that's not quite in balance. I've been told there's a seal that can be replaced for this, but it's not obvious from the shop manual. And new seals for the starter motor case do a good job of keeping the oil from getting out.
Prematurely worn brushes. I've heard it said that the commutator shaft can get out of
balance, wearing the brushes and commutator and probably allowing the oil to leak in. The
brushes and "brush holder" are not terribly expensive from Honda, these fix things right up for a while. What's more, I've
found I can simply stuff the wires behind the brushes with good effect, so I carry the required 8mm wrench and screwdriver when I tour.
After suffering through increasing starter problems for about a year, with ever less starting power and equally less effect from my dubious repairs, I finally went out and spent $150 on a rebuilt starter. It works great, I should have done it six months previously. Not only is it now reliable and leak-free (so far as I know, might be some internal leakage), but it also now starts the bike instantly. Just like a starter should.
There can be a problem with the transmission, wherein the bike pops out of gear, starting
with 2nd. Apparently the problem grows to include 3rd gear, etc. I've been told that the
cause is a too-small part in or actually near the transmission that wears out. That's all I
know. My bikes jumps out of 2nd occasionally, but only right after shifting from 1st, so I
think my experience is more of a missed shift. And the jump out of 2nd can be avoided by I really firm shift from 1st to 2nd.
INSTRUMENT NEEDLES BREAK
The indicator needles on the tachometer and speedometer often break off. On mine this
happened with the tach, but it's still easy enough to read. Easier to read than the intact speedometer, I find.
What's Right |
My Bike |
Common Problems |
This Bike's Problems
More Photos |
Cargo Carrying |
After The Crash |
Modern Bike Rant